“Bis-phossy” jaw may not be the most elegant or cleverest of terms, but it is a significant one for anyone over 50. Bone degeneration is an inevitable fact of life, and one combats it with the use of medications such as bisphosphonate drug such as Fosamax (alendronate), manufactured by Merck Co. Bisphosphonate drugs are considered to be well-tolerated by most of the population, which is why it is widely used. However, there are some studies that suggest that treatment with Fosamax or other bisphosphonate drug increases the risk of developing osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), also known as bis-phossy jaw.
Phossy jaw is a shortcut for phosphoprus necrosis of the jaw, a disease common to workers I the 19th century who were occupationally exposed to white phosphorus. Bis-phossy jaw can happen to anyone receiving bisphosphonate treatment, and it is not caused by white phosphorus, but it still refers to dead jaw syndrome. An article on the National Injury Law Center website describes it as the failure of the bone to heal (remodel) after dental treatment such as extractions. This can leave the bone exposed and increase the risk of fracture or infection.
Bisphosphonates such as alendronate helps to strengthen bone by reducing the action of osteoclasts, which is involved in the removal or resorption of old bone resulting from remodeling. This is important for women after menopause, because this is the time that bone density decreases, leading to osteoporosis. Men with osteoporosis and people suffering from bone pain due to Paget’s disease, breast cancer and myeloma will also benefit from Fosamax.
There are restrictions to the use of Fosamax. It is contraindicated for people who:
Despite these precautions, it is still possible to succumb to bis-phossy jaw, and the condition can only be treated through surgery. If you have bis-phossy jaw, you may be eligible to get compensation for the injury you sustained from taking Fosamax. Consult with a products liability lawyer in your area for an assessment.
Errors committed while driving can be too costly, as these can result to damaged properties or lost lives. Though drivers want guaranteed safety on the road and think that all other drivers ought to observer traffic and other road safety rules, these same drivers confess violating at least a couple of rules occasionally, yet believing that what they do is not at all dangerous.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration or NHTSA the top three causes of car crash in the United States are drunk-driving, speeding and distracted driving – all driver errors either due to recklessness or carelessness. Recklessness on the road or reckless driving may be committed through the following acts:
The sad thing is, most of those guilty of reckless driving are younger people, those aged between 15 and 24 years old. It is a fact that car accidents due to recklessness could easily be prevented; it only requires drivers to be more conscious of their duty to contribute to road safety. And with more than five million vehicular accidents annually, with at least 35,000 resulting to death, road courtesy is one thing all drivers ought to be mindful of.
Safety always begins with you; by driving recklessly or carelessly, you may injure yourself or someone else. Causing a vehicular accident and injuring someone can be a civil or criminal offense. Justice requires that you be punished for disrupting order and that you compensate the person whose injury you have caused.